CORONA!CURE!QUARANTINE! Well, these are undoubtedly the most familiar terms we hear these days. This virus is spreading like a wildfire and is taking more and more lives every day. Well, this article is not something that informs you again what you’ve listened to all long. We now bring you a synopsis of what exactly is going on in the world and bring you with some safeguards that aid us to prevent spreading this virus.
What is CoronaVirus?
So, let’s start with a simple question. What indeed is this coronavirus which is now an urgent issue.
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).
The name coronavirus comes from the Latin word corona, meaning crown or halo. Under an electron microscope, it looks like it is surrounded by a solar corona (The bright crown-like ring of gases around the sun).
These viruses were originally spread from animals to people. SARS, for instance, was transmitted from civet cats to humans while MERS moved to humans from a type of camel.
The WHO named the illness caused by the coronavirus COVID-19 — “co” and “vi” for coronavirus, “d” for disease, and “19” for the year when the virus emerged.
Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
Where has the new Coronavirus come from?
It is presently unclear where the virus has come from. Chinese researchers reported the virus could have spread from an infected animal species to humans through illegally trafficked pangolins, which are priced in Asia for food and medicine.
Scientists also have pointed to either bats or snakes as a possible source of the virus.
One analysis discovered that the genetic sequence of the new virus is 96 percent identical to one coronavirus found in bats. Bats contain a lot of coronaviruses in it. But researchers say that coronavirus cannot be transmitted to humans directly from bats and it need some intermediate source which was a cat in case of SARS and Arabian camel in case of MERS
The signs of infection include fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.
In more intense cases, it can lead to pneumonia, multiple organ failure, and even death.
The incubation period, which is the time between infection and the onset of symptoms – ranges from 1 to 14 days. Most infected people exhibit symptoms within 5 to 6 days.
One more thing we require to keep in mind is that infected patients can also be asymptomatic, meaning they do not exhibit any symptoms despite having the virus in their systems.
More Details Here
How is Corona Spreading
The virus is growing pretty quickly all over the world. The virus jumps between people who are in very close contact with each other.
It also spreads when an infected person sneezes or coughs. Coughs and sneezes produce little droplets of mucus and saliva. If these droplets make it into another person’s eyes, mouth or nose, they also can pick the virus.
The viruses in those little droplets can also fall onto surfaces, like tables or doorknobs — if someone touches that surface and touches their eyes, mouth or nose, they can also become sick.
Early research shows that the virus can survive on surfaces such as plastic and stainless steel for a few days, which is why it’s vital to clean countertops, doorknobs, and other places people touch regularly. The virus doesn’t turn out to remain infectious on cardboard for longer than a day — so packages should be safe.
The new coronavirus doesn’t appear to spread through the air. Certain hospital procedures can artificially create airborne viruses, but that does not happen regularly. Preliminary research recommends that asymptomatic transmission happens regularly, which will make containing the spread of the virus more complicated.
The risk of death is based on a variety of factors, including
- Where they are treated
- Their age
- Any preexisting health conditions.
A study conducted by the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention team demonstrated that the virus mostly affected older people with preexisting health problems.
It is identified that each sick patient on average spreads the infection for about 2 people. That number was a rough approximation in the initial stages of study. The virus has spread from China all around the world, prompting the WHO to designate the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic.
For the science behind how exactly this virus invades our cells, read this article.
Can we treat the Coronavirus?
Well, there isn’t any proven treatment method for this but many are on their way to find some cure. Scientists around the globe are racing to develop a vaccine but have warned it is not likely one will be feasible for mass distribution before 2021.
One leading candidate is Remdesivir, an antiviral medication originally developed to treat Ebola. Others include Chloroquine, Lopinavir, and Ritonavir, APN01, Favilavir. Antiviral drugs are employed in a try to cure this disease.
Human trials have commenced. Find out more about it here.
What if you think that you have Corona?
Not everyone with a SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection will feel ill. Some people may even contract the virus and not develop symptoms. When there are symptoms, they’re usually mild and tend to show up on slowly.
If you think you have symptoms of COVID-19, adopt this protocol:
- Gauge how sick you Are: Ask yourself how likely it is that you came into contact with the coronavirus. If you live in a region that has had an outbreak, or if you’ve recently traveled overseas, you may be at an extended risk of exposure.
- Call your doctor: If you have moderate symptoms, call your doctor.
- Stay home: If you have symptoms of COVID-19 or another type of viral infection, stay home and get plenty of rest. Be sure to stay away from other people and avoid sharing items.
Precautions to Prevent Corona
The novel coronavirus is primarily transmitted from person to person. The best way to prevent becoming infected is to evade being around people who have been exposed to the virus.
According to the CDC trusted Source, you can take the following precautions to cut down your risk of virus:
- Wash your hands carefully and thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- Use hand sanitizer with at least 60 percent alcohol if the soap isn’t accessible.
- Avoid touching your face unless you’ve recently washed your hands.
- Stay clear of people who are coughing and sneezing. The CDC recommends standing at least 6 feet away from anyone who appears to be sick.
- Avoid crowded areas as much as possible.
According to the World Health Organization, 80 percent of COVID-19 cases are mild, 14 percent are severe and about 5 percent result are critical, leading to a severe respiratory disorder that causes the lungs to fill with fluid which in turn prevents oxygen from reaching organs.
Patients with mild cases recover during a week or two, while severe cases can take six or more weeks. Recent estimates suggest about one percent of all infected people die. As of March 21st, there are about 12,000 lives lost and around 2,85,000 people infected.
For more statistics see: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
So, that was all you have to know and understand about the Corona Virus.
Take all the precautions!! Stay Safe!! Share this article and spread as much awareness as possible