Palaeontologists from the University of Alberta have recently unearthed a skeletal frame of Tyrannosaurus rex, which is reportedly the largest dinosaur skeleton ever found in Canada. The skeleton is 13 meters long has been nicknamed as “Scotty”. It is believed that the dinosaur belonged to prehistoric Saskatchewan almost 66 million years ago.
Scotty measures 13 meters, that is 43 feet from its nose to tail tip, and would have cracked the scales at 8800 kgs that is 19400 pounds, based on a calculation by evaluating its thigh bones. The bones are not actually new. They had been discovered in Saskatchewan in 1991, but since they were embedded in some pretty solid sandstone, the excavation was a slow and painstaking process which took almost a decade to be completed.
Paleontologists can figure out the health and type of functioning by looking at a dinosaur’s bones. By looking into their bones and cutting into them, one can figure out their health pattern as well. Annual variations in climate and food availability would slow dinosaurs’ bone growth, which results in a ring. These rings – much like the rings of a tree trunk are determined to estimate a dinosaur’s age at the time of his death. By Tyrannosaurus standards and norms, “it had a very unusually long life“. Paleontologists estimated that it died in its early 30s.
Scotty’s bones also had extensive injuries that showed signs of healing. Which means the old animal who lived 66 million years ago in the Cretaceous, got into a lot of scrapes and movement – and somehow survived them. The injuries and bruises were violent and riddled across the skeleton.
Among Scotty’s body injuries, a few are broken ribs, an infected jaw, and what may be a bite from another Tyrannosaurus rex on its tail, showing evidence of a few battle scars from a long life.
A new exhibit featuring the skeleton of the newly excavated dinosaur is all set to open for the public at the Royal Saskatchewan Museum in May 2019.