Scientists develop new material for improving efficiency of solar panels

solar panels array
Solar panel arrays form a canopy at a construction site in Fort Hunter Liggett, California. (Credits - Flickr/US Army Corps of Engineers)

Clean energy acts as an intersection which acts as a suitable substitution for fossil fuels. It is noticed that solar power plants have to boost their planning in a better way to compete with the electrical output of the non-renewable energy sources. The design highly depends upon the renovation and growth of newly made products such that they ingest and interchange the heat at the higher temperatures.

 The solar panels which are found on the hybrid cars or the residential rooftops are found lesser compared to the ones found in the solar power plants. Since the solar panels found in the power plants are huge and countless in number so the heat they absorb is more so they absorb more thermal energy from the sun as much as they can and then they create a passage so that the heat can pass through and that heat is converted into fluid-filled converter is known as heat exchanger.

A liquid version of carbon dioxide which is known as supercritical CO2 acts as an agency in converting the energy and the hotter the fluid gets the more the electricity can be produced. Researchers from the University of Toledo have discovered a newer technology based on the supercritical CO2 as a channel which helps in converting into energy and here this fluid minimizes the manufacturing costs and also minimizes the electricity level and commits to working in a good manner with accuracy and it can benefit to the future power plants too. This report was published in Nature journal

An assistant professor in the mechanical engineering department at Texas A&M University Dorrin Jarrahbashi said that the metal material which is used to make the solar panel heat exchangers using supercritical CO2 energy cycles are only firm up to 550 degrees Celsius and he also added that if the heat rises then break down occurs which leads to the replacement of the components and becomes less effective.

To solve this problem the researchers developed a new complex material which had a combination of ceramic and tungsten which is refractory metal which can take the heat of over 750 degrees Celsius. The tendency to tolerate heat can lead to more effectiveness in generating electricity in united solar and supercritical CO2 power plants by 20%. Compared to the fossil fuels the output and the longevity of the mixture and the lower cost in production will help in cutting down the price of construction and maintenance of powerplants.

It is said that with the help of the unique chemical, mechanical and thermal properties there is numerous approach for the compound. It started from improving its nuclear power plants to building rocket nozzles the results of this revolution has made a vast impact in the future of research and industry.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here