More than a million species endangered to get lost in a sixth mass extinction

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Ice age fauna of northern Spain
Woolly mammoths were driven to extinction by climate change and human impacts. The image depicts a late Pleistocene landscape in northern Spain with woolly mammoths, equids, a woolly rhinoceros, and European cave lions with a reindeer carcass. (Credits - Wikimedia Commons)

Recent researches shows that the planet may be in the middle of sixth mass extinction. The phrase “mass extinction” does not mean any asteroid crash which led to the extinction of dinosaurs but today different devastating extinctions take place. Hotter oceans, deforestation, climatic change are the main reasons towards the verge of extinction of fauna and these reasons are reducing the scale of the population of animals in huge amount.

The scientists are saying maybe the report to be available in the next week can change the idea. It is said that the report is planned to release on Monday in United Nations. The report is from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services that estimates the condition of the planet’s biodiversity. The document has been created since 2005 which analyses the number of species which are endangered due to the reason of extinction and what is the reason behind it and how many species are already extinct and the document also keeps an eye on the population growth as well as the increase in the release of greenhouse gas.

The documentation had almost 1800 pages and the documentation has information collected from more than 15000 research publications and academic papers and the main aim of this documentation is to notify the policymaker on how to handle the impacts of climate change in a better way. The research was published in AFP and they had got the early report on this matter and according to their research things can worsen than we thought.

The AFP in April reported that the rate of extinction of species has been growing faster, even more, faster than the normal rate. They also added that already many species are in the verge of extinction and now this becomes half of a million in one million species and they also said that it’s not a new research but they have been in the verge of extinction since many decades.

The UN decided to release only the summary of its report after it gets checked and finalized in Paris within this week. The report in the AFP also included 75% of the land, 40% of oceans and 50% of rivers species. The reason behind this degradation is the emission of greenhouse gas which is caused due to energy production, manufacturing, and transportation.

There is a rise in global temperature of a minimum of 0.7 degrees since the man-made emissions have doubled. In a study of 2017, it was found that species are experiencing “biological annihilation” thus leading to the highest mass extinction period than ever. A study in 2019 found out that insects are decreasing by 2.5% per year which may lead to the extinction of insects by 2119.

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