China makes progress in its quest for generating fusion power

tokamak vaccum vessel
Experimental setup for high-βN discharges in the 2015 EAST Tokamak campaign. The three main in-vessel materials are molybdenum for the first wall, graphite for the lower divertor plate and tungsten for the upper divertor plate. (Credits - Wikimedia Commons)

Fusion energy has a great capacity of curing humanity’s energy woes forever but still, it has yet to reach the milestone of creating more energy in actual than it is needed to reach to keep the process continuing.

This project has an outcome of billion dollars and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor project is held in the part of the eastern side which is said to be useful for fusion power. This multi-billion-dollar project’s centerpiece will be built using tokamak which is a giant cylindrical fusion device and it is sponsored and run by the European Union, China, Japan, India, Russia, South Kore, and the United States. The parts of the machine will be assimilated which was already progressed at the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) and many different sites and they will draw a conclusion on their findings of the research and about the project which is now under construction in Provence in southern France.

Fusion is thought to be a treasure filled with energy and this is the energy which gives the strength to our sun. It is seen that the fusion mixes the atomic nuclei to create a huge amount of energy and the exact opposite of the process known as fission process is used in nuclear power plants and many atomic weapons which instead of mixing the nuclei separates them into fragments. Fusion does not release any type of gases like greenhouse gases and has a low chance of risk of accidents or the thievery of the atomic material whereas in the case of fission it’s totally opposite.

The total cost of creating the project of ITER is approximately calculated as at 20 billion euros that is A$32.5 billion but in this project the strength of tolerating the high temperature and other conditions which are unstable is very important  and both the necessities are very tough to achieve and they are very expensive as we can see the cost.

Wu Songtao who is a renowned Chinese engineer with ITER gave a conclusion that China’s technical capabilities on the fusion are still lagging behind the other developed countries and other countries like the USA and Japan’s tokamaks have attained more valuable global results. The Anhui test reactor emphasizes that China is improving very quickly towards its scientific advancement and it has a lot more to achieve.

Wu said that the ability of China has improved a lot in this last 20 years and it has improved more after staring the ITER express train project. So it can be concluded that fusion needs to be worked on and achieved together and any one country can’t work on it alone.


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